Trident Pyramid Networks for Object Detection

Cédric Picron (KU Leuven),* Tinne Tuytelaars (KU Leuven)
The 33rd British Machine Vision Conference


Feature pyramids have become ubiquitous in multi-scale computer vision tasks such as object detection. Given their importance, a computer vision network can be divided into three parts: a backbone (generating a feature pyramid), a neck (refining the feature pyramid) and a head (generating the final output). Many existing networks operating on feature pyramids, named necks, are shallow and mostly focus on communication-based processing in the form of top-down and bottom-up operations. We present a new neck architecture called Trident Pyramid Network (TPN), that allows for a deeper design and for a better balance between communication-based processing and self-processing. We show consistent improvements when using our TPN neck on the COCO object detection benchmark, outperforming the popular BiFPN baseline by 0.5 AP, both when using the ResNet-50 and the ResNeXt-101-DCN backbone. Additionally, we empirically show that it is more beneficial to put additional computation into the TPN neck, rather than into the backbone, by outperforming a ResNet-101+FPN baseline with our ResNet-50+TPN network by 1.7 AP, while operating under similar computation budgets. This emphasizes the importance of performing computation at the feature pyramid level in modern-day object detection systems. Code is available at



author    = {Cédric Picron and Tinne Tuytelaars},
title     = {Trident Pyramid Networks for Object Detection},
booktitle = {33rd British Machine Vision Conference 2022, {BMVC} 2022, London, UK, November 21-24, 2022},
publisher = {{BMVA} Press},
year      = {2022},
url       = {}

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