Less is More: Facial Landmarks can Recognize a Spontaneous Smile

Md. Tahrim Faroque Tushar (North South University), Yan Yang (The Australian National University), Md Zakir Hossain (The Australian National University ), Sheikh Motahar Naim (Amazon), Nabeel Mohammed (North South University), Shafin Rahman (North South University)*
The 33rd British Machine Vision Conference


Smile veracity classification is a task of interpreting social interactions. Broadly, it distinguishes between spontaneous and posed smiles. Previous approaches used hand-engineered features from facial landmarks or considered raw smile videos in an end-to-end manner to perform smile classification tasks. Feature-based methods require intervention from human experts on feature engineering and heavy pre-processing steps. On the contrary, raw smile video inputs fed into end-to-end models bring more automation to the process with the cost of considering many redundant facial features (beyond landmark locations) that are mainly irrelevant to smile veracity classification. It remains unclear to establish discriminative features from landmarks in an end-to-end manner. We present a MeshSmileNet framework, a transformer architecture, to address the above limitations. To eliminate redundant facial features, our landmarks input is extracted from FaceMesh, a pre-trained landmark detector. Again, to discover discriminative features, we consider the relativity and trajectory of the landmarks. For the relativity, we aggregate facial landmark that conceptually formats a curve at each frame to establish local spatial features. For the trajectory, we estimate the movements of landmark composed features across time by self-attention mechanism, which captures pairwise dependency on the trajectory of the same landmark. This idea allows us to achieve state-of-the-art performances on UVA-NEMO, BBC, MMI Facial Expression, and SPOS datasets.



author    = {Md. Tahrim Faroque Tushar and Yan Yang and Md Zakir Hossain and Sheikh Motahar Naim and Nabeel  Mohammed and Shafin Rahman},
title     = {Less is More: Facial Landmarks can Recognize a Spontaneous Smile},
booktitle = {33rd British Machine Vision Conference 2022, {BMVC} 2022, London, UK, November 21-24, 2022},
publisher = {{BMVA} Press},
year      = {2022},
url       = {https://bmvc2022.mpi-inf.mpg.de/0369.pdf}

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