USB: Universal-Scale Object Detection Benchmark

Yosuke Shinya (DENSO CORPORATION / independent researcher)*
The 33rd British Machine Vision Conference


Benchmarks, such as COCO, play a crucial role in object detection. However, existing benchmarks are insufficient in scale variation, and their protocols are inadequate for fair comparison. In this paper, we introduce the Universal-Scale object detection Benchmark (USB). USB has variations in object scales and image domains by incorporating COCO with the recently proposed Waymo Open Dataset and Manga109-s dataset. To enable fair comparison and inclusive research, we propose training and evaluation protocols. They have multiple divisions for training epochs and evaluation image resolutions, like weight classes in sports, and compatibility across training protocols, like the backward compatibility of the Universal Serial Bus. Specifically, we request participants to report results with not only higher protocols (longer training) but also lower protocols (shorter training). Using the proposed benchmark and protocols, we conducted extensive experiments using 15 methods and found weaknesses of existing COCO-biased methods. The code is available at .



author    = {Yosuke Shinya},
title     = {USB: Universal-Scale Object Detection Benchmark},
booktitle = {33rd British Machine Vision Conference 2022, {BMVC} 2022, London, UK, November 21-24, 2022},
publisher = {{BMVA} Press},
year      = {2022},
url       = {}

Copyright © 2022 The British Machine Vision Association and Society for Pattern Recognition
The British Machine Vision Conference is organised by The British Machine Vision Association and Society for Pattern Recognition. The Association is a Company limited by guarantee, No.2543446, and a non-profit-making body, registered in England and Wales as Charity No.1002307 (Registered Office: Dept. of Computer Science, Durham University, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE, UK).

Imprint | Data Protection